By Jeff Stant, IFA Executive Director
Senator John Ruckelshaus (R-Indianapolis), and co-author Sen. Eric Bassler (R-Washington), have introduced a watershed bill in this year’s legislative session: Senate Bill 610. This bill establishes a state forest commission that will propose a 100-year plan for the management of Indiana state forests, with mandated public input.
Call your Indiana State Senator today at (800) 382-9467. Express your support for this bill and ask that they contact Senator Sue Glick, Chair of the Senate Natural Resources Committee, and ask that this bill have a hearing. Also ask that the bill be amended to include:
1) A requirement for a management plan for each state forest
2) A moratorium on logging in certain areas and along popular hiking trails, pending the completion of the management plans for each state forest (see below)
Why does IFA support SB 610? In our judgment, this bill is a significant improvement over the status quo. Currently, there is no legal requirement for the Indiana Division of Forestry to solicit input for any of its management decisions for the state forests. This bill corrects that.
While the bill does not now require any specific amount of land to be set aside from logging in the state forests, SB 610’s requirement for an independent “state forest commission” is huge. The commission would produce (with robust public input) a plan for the management of the state forests for the next 100 years that is supposed to balance the management of these forests between logging and no logging. This requirement alone is a major repudiation of the current management of our state forests–which is committing 97% of the state forests to logging regardless of any public views on the subject. The commission would include lawmakers, foresters, conservationists, scientists, sporting enthusiasts, recreational users, and timber industry representatives.
READ ON for detail on the provisions IFA supports, and what amendments we are asking be added:
The bill (read the full text on the Indiana General Assembly website) would achieve these provisions, which we support wholeheartedly:
1) Establishes a state forest commission to study the state forests and to hold seven public meetings to gather testimony from citizens living around the state forests, the public, scientists and experts in forest management, and to produce a report by October 1, 2021. This input will be accounted for in a plan of the management that should occur in the state forests for the next 100 years, and the plan must be adopted via rulemaking by the National Resources Commission. The state has never required the Division of Forestry to gather public input before to produce a plan of this scope and duration.
2) Requires that forest advocates’ interests be represented on the commission.
3) Asks the commission to determine the options that “constitute a balanced strategy allowing stakeholders to share the state forest as a whole in a way that best satisfies the needs of all” and propose a plan that accomplishes this balance. To do this, the plan will divide all state forest lands between three priority uses: a) to manage the forests as recreational areas and habitat for game and non-game wildlife; b) to manage the forests for the production of high quality lumber; and c) to manage the forests to allow unmanaged natural succession for species native to the indigenous climate zone. This approach is modeled after forest law and regulations in Wisconsin.
4) Ensures that state forest land that is assigned a primary use of logging (“producing high quality lumber”) must have secondary uses of recreation and habitat protection. State forest land that is assigned a primary use of recreation must have secondary uses of logging and habitat protection. State forest land that is assigned a primary use of habitat protection allowing natural succession without logging will not have a secondary use of logging. Thus, the bill provides a statutory basis for advocating that even if state forest land is designated for logging, that the state must also manage that land for recreation and natural habitat protection. And furthermore, that if land is designated for natural succession, the state is not allowed to log it.
5) Guarantees that the Natural Resources Commission will have to rule-make to implement the plan and its assignment of lands to the three priority uses. This guarantee will lock in these uses; the DOF will not be able to waive them later with impunity as it can now.
6) The plan from the State Forest Commission must “embody the principles” that management of the state forests must make allowances for the effects of anticipated climate change on vegetation and include provisions for the maintenance of native wildlife and vegetation.
7) The report issued by the State Forest Commission “must set forth recommendations” for appropriate procedures for wildlife inventory on all state forest lands to be logged. Currently no inventories of wildlife are required or being done on state forest lands slated to be logged.
8) The report issued by the State Forest Commission “must set forth procedures for effective citizen oversight of the plan”.
9) The report “must set forth recommendations about reasonable time periods for implementation of the plan.”
10) The report must also “include a summary of the financial and environmental benefit of forest land for its ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.”
SB 610 won’t solve the problems in our state forests. However, the bill establishes a framework in law for solving the problems that requires a balanced management of the state forests and public input in management decisions. And it will result in management that can’t be waived later by the DOF regardless of public views as repeatedly occurs now.
The primary changes we seek will:
1) Require a management plan for each state forest to implement the plan in the report produced by the State Forest Commission
2) Institute a moratorium on logging in certain areas pending the completion of the management plans for each state forest that includes the areas in the moratorium. These areas are:
- the three Back Country Areas (BCAs) designated by Governors Bowen and Orr in Clark, Jackson-Washington, Yellowwood, and Morgan-Monroe State Forests which collectively comprise 7,200 acres;
- the 51 Old Forests designated by Governors Bayh, O’Bannon and Kernan in Harrison Crawford, Clark, Jackson-Washington, Martin, Yellowwood, Morgan-Monroe and Owen Putnam State Forests which collectively comprise 5,706 acres (not including 35 acres of Old Forest within the Yellowwood/MM BCA); and
- a 220 yard-wide no-logging corridor along these popular hiking trails: the Adventure, Knobstone, and Tecumseh Trails. The Adventure Trail extends for 25 miles in Harrison Crawford State Forest. The Knobstone Trail extends for 58 miles in Clark and Jackson-Washington State Forests. The Tecumseh Trail extends for 42 miles in Morgan-Monroe and Yellowwood State Forests. The acreage subject to the moratorium within this corridor would be approximately 6,000 acres (not including the corridor area within the BCAs).
The total combined acreage of these areas is 18,906 acres or approximately 12% of total state forest acreage which is 158,300 acres.
We will also be seeking smaller changes that: 1) include a deadline by which the NRC must do its first rulemaking to implement the plan in the State Forest Commission’s report; 2) include caving as “nonconsumptive outdoor recreation,” and; 3) put a forest ecologist on the State Forest Commission. And we intend to seeking more funds for the Indiana Division of Forestry as a part of this bill or in separate legislation.
Some are concerned that this bill does not have any mandated percentages of land set aside from logging. Also, some are also interpreting SB 610 to require state forests be logged, which some find unacceptable. However, this bill no more requires logging than what is required by IC 14-23-4, the statute that established the state forests. This law says that the state forests are to be managed for the benefit of all but adds that cutting and improvement thinning can occur in the state forests to market timber to local economies. For a century, this was construed fairly conservatively to allow for nearly half of the state forests to be set aside from logging.
Then a new state forester appointed in 2005 by the Daniels Administration. That forester decided to devote 97% of the state forests to logging. As long as there is no law that puts some limits on this extreme way of managing our forests, the current, extremely unbalanced management can continue.
We can and will keep trying to pass set aside legislation. However, the Ruckelshaus bill will address the core issue of the need for a balanced policy for managing our state forests. Forest advocates need to get behind SB 610.
Please take action:
These senators sit on the natural resources committee where this bill is assigned. Can you call the Indiana State Senate at (800) 382-9467 and urge for them to do two things:
- Ask the chair to hold a hearing on SB 610
- Ask them to support adding language to this bill to create a temporary moratorium on logging in areas of high conservation value AND a buffer zone around our state’s three most important backpacking and hiking trails, the Knobstone, Tecumseh, and Adventure Trails. This moratorium would protect 12% of total state forest lands while the commission studies the issue and its new 100-year plan is adopted.
Committee members are:
CHAIR, Sen. Susan Glick (R-LaGrange)
Sen. Jean Leising (R-Oldenburg)
Sen. Brian Buchanan (R-Lebanon)
Sen. Justin Busch (R-Fort Wayne)
Sen. Blake Doriot (R-Syracuse)
Sen. Chip Perfect (R-Lawrenceburg)
Sen. James Tomes (R-Wadesville)
Sen. Timothy Lanane (D-Anderson)
Sen. Greg Taylor (D-Indianapolis)
Switchboard for the Indiana Senate: (800) 382-9467.